Agriculture is the exercise of cultivating flora and livestock. Agriculture turned into the important thing improvement withinside the upward thrust of sedentary human civilization, wherein farming of domesticated species created meals surpluses that enabled humans to stay in cities. The records of agriculture started heaps of years ago. After amassing wild grains starting as a minimum 105,000 years ago, nascent farmers started to plant them round eleven,500 years ago. Pigs, sheep, and farm animals had been domesticated over 10,000 years ago. Plants had been independently cultivated in as a minimum eleven areas of the world.